Friday, 26 April 2013

Uses of Automated External Defibrillator

Automated External Defibrillator is a portable or easy to use device that checks the heart rhythm. In use it can send an electrical shock to the heart to treat the cardiac arrest and normalize the heart rate.
Uses of AED:
Conditions in which an Automated external Defibrillator is used;

1- Cardiac Arrest or Asystol
2- Pulse-less Tachycardia
3-Ventricular Fibrillation
Scene Secure
Personal Safety
Patient safety
Approach to the patient
Check the response (Alert, Verbal, Painful Stimuli)
* If unresponsive
Call to EMS
Check ABC (Airway, Breathing, Circulation)
Start CPR
How to use an Automated External Defibrillator?
1-An untrained person can easily use an automated external defibrillator.
2-Remove the patient from contaminated area make sure patient's and your safety.
3-Expose the patient chest, remove all contaminated things from the chest like; jewelry, metals, wet, heavy hair etc
4-Prepare the AED as turn on it, attach the sticky electrodes with AED machine, make the patient's position as supine, apply the pads as;

a) place one pad on right side just below to the clavicular bone and above to the nipple.
b) place second pad on left side in anterior axillary line at the apex beat position.

5-Make sure patient have not any medication bracelet or neck-less that alert the patient disease.
6-If patient is on PPM (permanent pace maker) then you should need to place pads 1 inch away from its wires.
7-Make Sure that no one touching ti the patient.
8-Recheck again AED preparation, then follow these steps;

  • Press "Analyze" button ___ AED will check the rhythm of patient's heart.
  • If needed shock ___ It will provide the shock
  • If shock is not needed ___ Start CPR.

AED are mostly Biphasic.
It provide the mostly 120, 150 and 200 Joule Shock.

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